1. Why do women suffer from back pain after give birth?
It is shown that about 50% of women suffer from back pain. The main cause is during pregnancy, your uterus expands and stretches, weakens abdominal muscles and changes your posture, spine is pulled forwards which makes your back tense. At the same time, the increase in weight causes the muscles as well as the joints more stressed.
Changes in pregnancy hormones:
In addition, hormonal changes during pregnancy can loosen the joints and ligaments that connect the pelvis and spine.
Progesterone (a type of pregnancy hormone) causes the ligaments – connecting between the pelvis and the lower back to be “flabby”. Occasionally, it causes sharping pains in the back. This is just a slight discomfort of pregnancy hormone because this hormone plays a role in making the pelvic bone frame soft and flexible. Thereby, the new pelvis frame becomes a “space” that lifts and supports the successful labor beginning. When the flabby ligaments make you feel less stable and painful when walking, standing, sitting for a long time, or lying in bed, sitting in a low chair, bending down or lifting something.
Abdominal muscles weaken:
When women have yet to be pregnant, the abdominal muscles undertake some tasks such as burdening the pressure from the body in lying your stomach posture, elasticating flexibly when you want to fold, pick up an object on the ground … In the pregnancy period, these muscles are hardly able to undertake these roles. The abdominal muscles become “weaker” and dilated by the development of the fetus, which causes the back muscles to be compressed causing back pain.
Some women in the second pregnancy process often feel loosening of the abdominal muscles. This is because the muscles have been softened in the first pregnancy.
Location of foetus:
This can cause back pains at the end of pregnancy. If the baby is in the abdomen with the back of the baby opposite to the mother’s back, it will put pressure on the back of the mother.
Also, when carrying your baby in the belly, your back is an object to bear the whole weight of the baby. To withstand all this weight, your back is forced to bend forwards. Your baby grows bigger and heavier, while the upper half body tilts backwards, leading to his back bending forward and getting fatigued.
As you get closer to your birth date (from the 5th month onwards), back pain will increase and “attack” you at the sunset of the day, when your body is tiring. However, there is no way to prevent and relieve these backache symptoms.
Not many women favor sitting, fixing the heel to the floor, with their hands behind the back to hold the weight. As a result, this sitting position causes the lower back to be placed in a state of tension and pain.
On the other hand, many young mothers accidentally make the problem worse when suckling improperly, which causes strain on the neck and back muscles when you look down.
In addition, standing up, moving or lifting objects improperly also has the potential to cause damage to the back muscles. If you stand up or sit in the wrong position continuously, the greater possibility of your back pain is ; For example, your baby will experience a more pronounced back pain when lifting a heavy object or doing a twist.
Due to illness:
Occasionally, back pain is associated with painful sciatica: there is a sharp pain in the buttocks and behind one leg. The cause may be due to the ligaments in the back and also your pelvic bone with the decreased function.
Total exhaustion and stress when you care for your newborn babies all day can make it difficult to recover from postpartum pain, including back pain.
2. How long will this condition recover from?
Usually, a few months after birth, the women will no longer have pain, although some women will continue to suffer longer, even for a year or forever.
Women who have backache before or during pregnancy are more likely to continue having backache after birth, especially if severe pain starts early in pregnancy. Overweight after birth also increases the risk of pain.
3. What you should do
You should start a practising program gradually. Although you still have back pain and moving difficulties, but your body needs light movement. Abdominal muscle strengthening exercises and flexibility- increasing exercises will be helpful.
You can choose a gentle form of exercise, like walking. Because walking is a safe exercise method to start almost immediately after a normal baby or caesarean. Walking helps the blood flow better to help relieve back pain. Please go slowly and go with short distances in the first few weeks, preferably, initially you should just go around in the room.
Swimming also is a way to strengthen your muscles without causing your muscles and joints to over-stress.
Lie on your back, put your back on the floor, your legs are bent, your feet set on the floor. Breathe in the abdomen, open the chest. Exhale to raise the hips, hold for a moment, inhale gently. Perform 8 – 10 times. (You should wait until 6 to 8 weeks to begin this exercise). However, these methods are only suitable when you have mild back pain. If you have shooting pains in your back, buttocks, thighs, and sometimes on the calf, even spreading to the foot, you may need to see a doctor. If you have persistent pain, you should also seek medical attention.
Whatever you start with, you should take care of your body. If a position or activity causes you discomfort, stop immediately.
Pay attention to breastfeeding position. When standing, you should stand upright and when you are breastfeeding, you should sit upright, even if you are bottle feeding or cleaning. When sitting, put your foot on a small chair. Sit on comfortable soft chairs with handrails and a pillow behind the back. Feed your baby in many different positions, hold the baby closer to your body rather than away.
Besides that, you should also note that, when holding baby or lifting heavy objects, you should put your legs slightly curved to reduce pressure on the spine. You should not lift anything heavier than the baby in the first eight weeks.
If back pain increases or persists, you should see Chiropractic specialists at iCCARE for prompt consultation and treatment.
Please fill out this form and iCCARE will get back to you